The mechanism of action of neurontin is through the binding of the active ingredients onto the calcium channels that are present in the nerve cells of the spinal cord and the brain. As a result, there is a release of multiple neurotransmitters that aid in conducting messages among the nerve cells.
Specifically, neurontin or gabapentin prevents the release of glutamate which is a neurotransmitter that transmits mainly pain signals into the brain and the nervous system. By reducing the amount of glutamate, the pain due to neuropathic pain from a damage in the nerve functions is highly decreased.
Take gabapentin by mouth. Swallow the capsules with a drink of water. If gabapentin upsets your stomach, take it with food or milk. Take your doses at regular intervals. Do not take your medicine more often than directed.
Contact your pediatrician or health care professional regarding the use of this medicine in children. Special care may be needed.
Overdosage: If you think you have taken too much of this medicine contact a poison control center or emergency room at once.
NOTE: This medicine is only for you. Do not share this medicine with others.
- difficulty breathing or tightening of the throat
- swelling of lips or tongue
- worsening of mood, thoughts or actions of suicide or dying
- hostile or aggressive behavior
- mood changes or changes in behavior
- difficulty concentrating
Side effects that usually do not require medical attention (report to your prescriber or health care professional if they continue or are bothersome):
- difficulty walking or controlling muscle movements
- dizziness, drowsiness
- dry mouth
- back pain, joint aches and pains
- indigestion, gas or heartburn
- loss of appetite
- pain, burning or tingling in the hands or feet
- sexual difficulty (impotence)
- skin itching
- slurred speech
- sore gums
- weight gain
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